Posts mit dem Label History of Guca werden angezeigt. Alle Posts anzeigen
Posts mit dem Label History of Guca werden angezeigt. Alle Posts anzeigen

History of Guca Festival

The traditional Dragacevo trumpet - its cult kept alive for nearly two centuries regardless of political and social considerations - has with time become world-renowned. It is owing to the trumpet that the name of Serbia has resounded worldwide, in all the continents. Some orchestras, when they appear on stage, whether for official competition national dress, the authentic and indigenous dances and other folk inspired elements, coupled with music, have become an integral part of national gathering.


The virtuoso music performers, the trumpet players to the paradox and make the story more authentic - are for the most part fully self-taught. They play by ear and quite spontaneously, relying on their musical memory; they play from the heart and soul, and their music reaches out to listeners precisely for this quality. The Gucha Assembly of Trumpet Players continues to grow year after year: today, this musical feast of recognizable national skills is more popular, more diverse and bigger than ever before.


The first Dragacevo Assembly of Trumpet Players was held on October 16, 1961 in the yard of the Church of Sts. Michael and Gabriel in Gucha. Initially, it was a very modest Assembly - almost subversive for the prevailing political circumstances of that time. However, the Assembly gradually grew and expanded its, one might say, magical influence, and over the past ten or so years has become the folk remained its key symbol and raison detre, it is no longer held solely for the trumpet players. It grew into an Assembly of toastmasters, painters, song "Sa Ovcara I Kablara", marks the beginning of the festival each year. Some church music festivals notwithstanding, the Assembly of Trumpet Players is the best know event of this kind extending uninterruptedly for 43 years and attracting guests and musicians alike from every continent. Trumpet players and folk song and dance groups from around the world deem it a great honor to be invited to the Assembly, and the number of v visitors increases with each coming year. The record was set in 2002, when Guca hosted in excess of 300.000 visitors.


With considerable experience in organizing Assemblies, today the traditionally hospitable Gucha has earned its place on the map of world music festivals, inviting high interest from ethno music lovers, and deservedly so. As an internationally recognized trumpet capital, and a singular corner of positive energy, a place with accumulated joy, gaiety and spontaneity, coupled with the piercing yet gentle sound of the trumpet, Gucha is a place of catharsis of the heart and soul while the festival lasts. All this is more than enough to attract visitors to Gucha each Mexico , Spain , Greece , Denmark , China and many other close or distant countries. The names of Boban Markovic, Milan Mladenovic, Ekrem Sajdic, Elvis Ajdinovic, Fejat and Zoran Sejdic have carried the glory of the Serbian trumpet across the world. Some 600,000 visitors are expected at the next, and 50th Assembly. That would be very impressive indeed, would it not?


Istorija
Guča je gradsko naselje u opštini Lučani u Moravičkom okrugu. U Guči se svake godine tradicionalno održava "Dragačevski sabor trubača". Guča se prvi put pominje u turskom katastarskom popisu iz 1476. godine. Guča kao centar zajednice naselja - subopštinski centar opštine Lučani po postanku je starije urbano naselje od Lučana. Bila je opštinsko, pa sresko mesto do 1955. godine da bi se svelo na opštinsko do 1962. godine, kada je ukinuta opština Guča i formirana opština Lučani sa sedištem u Lučanima.


Dragačevski sabor trubača
Dragačevski sabor je godišnji trubački festival koji se održava u mestu Guča, u regionu Dragačevo. Nekoliko stotina hiljada posetilaca, iz Srbije i inostranstva, svake godine poseti varoš sa nekoliko hiljada stanovnika. Rekordni broj posetilaca zabeležen je 2009. godine, na 49. saboru, koji je, prema podacima, posetilo više od 600.000 ljudi. O ovom festivalu je snimano i nekoliko dokumentarnih filmova. Zahvaljujući festivalu Guča je postala poznata u celom svetu kao mesto održavanja najvećeg festivala trubačke muzike širom planete, gde su još zatupljene i druge tradicionalne vrednosti, kao što su tradicionalne pesme, igre i nošnje regiona Dragačeva i Zapadne Srbije.

Od kako je knez Miloš Obrenović po svojoj naredbi oformio prvi vojni trubački orkestar 1831. godine truba se odomaćila kod stanovništva i postala deo njihove kulture i tradicije. Zvuk trube u ovom delu Srbije tradicionalno prati svaki veći događaj, od proslave rođenja, krštenja, venčanja, porodičnih slava, ali je i sastavni deo sahrana uz čiji zvuk se ljudi opraštaju od ovog sveta.


Muzika u Srbiji je veoma raznolika za tako malu teritoriju, gde dominiraju tri različita pravca narodne muzike, ona koja se svira u Zapadnoj srbiji gde dominiraju parni ritmovi u vidu sporih pesama za pevanje i brzih kola – za igru, zatim muzika južne srbije koja se bazira na specifičnim neparnim ritmovima u pesmama i igrama, i sa naglašenim emotivnim tonovima i načinom na koji muzičari proizvode isti. Takođe, tu je i specifičan muzički odraz Istočne Srbije, sa svojim karakteristikama i posebnostima.

Guča prvi festival
Prvi Dragačevski sabor trubača održan je 16. oktobra 1961. godine u porti crkve Svetog Aranđela Gavrila, u centru Guče, na kome su učestovali samo orkestri iz Dragačeva, a pobednik prvog sabora bio je Desimir Perišić. Na prvom saboru ustanovljena je i himna festivala, tradicionalna pesma „Sa Ovčara i Kablara“, koja i dan danas predstavlja pesmu koja u izvedbi preko 200 trubača takmičara, čini zaštitni znak sabora. Istoriju festivala obeležile su trubačke zvezde kao što su Bakija Bakić, Fejat Sejdić, Slobodan Salijević…



Danas su najpoznatiji trubači Dejan Lazarević, Dejan Petrović, Boban i Marko Marković, Elvis Ajdinović, Ekrem Mamutović, Veljko Ostojić i drugi, koji sa svojim orkestrima iz godine u godinu podižu nivo i kvalitet svirke na nezamislivo visok nivo.

Serbian History Trumpet Tradition

Serbian History Trumpet tradition
Dragacevo, which used to be a rural region, experienced strong economic and general educational and cultural development after 1950, and mostly in the first decade of the 21st century, first of all thanks to the Trumpeters Festival.

The capital of modern trumpeting - Guca, is relatively small, and the trumpet was first played as far ago as 1831. Before nearly two centuries Milos Obrenović ordered the establishment of a "Principle's Serbian band" in Kragujevac, and that the first brass band be led by Josip Slezinger (1794-1870), a man from Sombor, who in those times was the first musically literate expert in Serbia. "Oberlautar" Mustafa, a man who played the violin and "zurle" (zurna), was until then amusing the Serb ruler and his entourage "and was amusing also even foreigners who did not have much understanding for Turkish music". Immediately upon his arrival in Kragujevac he started to organize the band. Since he lacked in skilled musicians, he asked the Principle to arrange that young man from among the population be found, who have talent and will to do this job. Milos promptly ordered that each county delegates five young men. And, so it started. Although it did not always run smoothly, they learned to play the new "golden" instruments, by playing the round-dances and songs which they knew and were familiar with them, but learning also everything that maestro J. Slezinger was teaching them in the then Serbian capital Kragujevac.

History of the Serbian Trumpet Tradition
History of the Serbian Trumpet Tradition

Almost two centuries passed by, there were many outstanding military brass bands and band leaders from the regiments and divisions. However, only in the mid 19th century were the foreign musical and cultural influence getting stronger; they can be identified at the beginning of the new era in the folk music of Dragacevo and were particularly strong in regard to trumpet music and homophonic multi-part singing , i.e. in singing "na bas". How the brass bands were emerging we heard from spontaneous statements of modern Dragacevo musicians. It is known in Dljina that their oldest trumpeter "was a guy named Cebic who was playing before World War I… And he himself inherited it from the past times. "In Goracici the first orchestra was founded by the Davidovic brothers from Dragacica "probably sometimes about the times of World War I, and this band included only four musicians". Also, the story goes that "in Rti the band leader and first trumpet was Milisav Kostic–Tralja, and his today's heirs are trumpeters playing in the Srecko Obradovic orchestra". And so we come also to the trumpeter Desimir Perisic from Goracići and the winning orchestra at the First Festival in Guca in 1961.

The songs are usually based of two-bar motives and melodies, mainly of two part structure consisting of 4 to 5 tones.

All around the globe, at all meridians, on all continents, most probably also on the Antarctica, it is known that Guca and Dragacevo are famous for trumpet music. The trumpet can be heard, loudly and gently, also in the biggest cities of the world and recordings of the trumpeters' music have reached the outer space, where the cosmonauts were amusing themselves.

With all the other flags, the Dragacevo Trumpeters Festival's flag has been flying since 2000 also on the highest mountain peak of the world, Mount Everest, on the Himalayas (8,848 m). It was placed there by the first Serb – a man from Dragacevo, Dragan Jacimovic from Puhovo.

To say it in modern language, Dragacevo Trumpeters festival is one of the most famous Serbian brands. And… trumpet music took for the world from the villages of Dragacevo, via Guca. Via Dragacevo Trumpeters Festival at which, for full five decades, the blessed musicians – the golden Serbian trumpeters – gathered in flocks.

Dragacevo, which used to be a rural region, experienced strong economic and general educational and cultural development after 1950, and mostly in the first decade of the 21st century, first of all thanks to the Trumpeters Festival.

The capital of modern trumpeting, Guca, is relatively small, and the trumpet was first played as far ago as 1831. Before nearly two centuries Milos Obrenovic ordered the establishment of a "Principle's Serbian band" in Kragujevac, and that the first brass band be led by Josip Slezinger (1794-1870), a man from Sombor, who in those times was the first musically literate expert in Serbia. "Oberlautar" Mustafa, a man who played the violin and "zurle" (zurna), was until then amusing the Serb ruler and his entourage "and was amusing also even foreigners who did not have much understanding for Turkish music". Immediately upon his arrival in Kragujevac he started to organize the band. Since he lacked in skilled musicians, he asked the Principle to arrange that young man from among the population be found, who have talent and will to do this job. Milos promptly ordered that each county delegates five young men. And, so it started. Although it did not always run smoothly, they learned to play the new "golden" instruments, by playing the round-dances and songs which they knew and were familiar with them, but learning also everything that maestro J. Slezinger was teaching them in the then Serbian capital Kragujevac

Almost two centuries passed by, there were many outstanding military brass bands and band leaders from the regiments and divisions. However, only in the mid 19th century were the foreign musical and cultural influence getting stronger; they can be identified at the beginning of the new era in the folk music of Dragacevo and were particularly strong in regard to trumpet music and homophonic multi-part singing , i.e. in singing "na bas". How the brass bands were emerging we heard from spontaneous statements of modern Dragacevo musicians. It is known in Dljina that their oldest trumpeter "was a guy named Cebic who was playing before World War I… And he himself inherited it from the past times. "In Goracići the first orchestra was founded by the Davidovic brothers from Dragacica "probably sometimes about the times of World War I, and this band included only four musicians". Also, the story goes that "in Rti the band leader and first trumpet was Milisav Kostić–Tralja, and his today's heirs are trumpeters playing in the Srecko Obradovic orchestra". And so we come also to the trumpeter Desimir Perisic from Goracići and the winning orchestra at the First Festival in Guca in 1961.


The songs are usually based of two-bar motives and melodies, mainly of two part structure consisting of 4 to 5 tones. The vigorous folk round-dances from the western regions are characterized by occasional pauses of the leading trumpets, with the basses taking over the leading tune of the leading trumpets, highlighting the basic harmonies. Also, we will notice that southern folk dances are usually characterized by oriental music, in the so-called "aksak" rhythm. This is especially emphasized with the "performance" of the drummer, who expertly combines larger "cukan" (right hand) strokes with those of the thinner stick (left hand, on the edge of the drum, skillfully stressing the changes of double and triple meter in the specific rhythmical formulas and combinations (8/8; 7/8; 9/8 etc.), especially in the characteristic dances – songs called "chochek". Then, spontaneously and ravishingly, genuinely enjoying in the music, dance only those who truly know how to do it. In the eastern region a big number of folk dances of the "Batrna" (ancient dance) type and "Stara Vlajna", i.e. "Timocka Rumenka" or "Svrljiski laskavac", are preserving the genetic features of the Vallah or Serb Hora dancing, when the dancers are crossing their hands and holding each other by the belt. And all Serbian songs and dances have up to five tones, while Vallah melodies are more diversified and with an occasional alternation of the slow parts with the usually faster refrain. Singing with trumpet accompaniment is gaining in popularity nowadays here with us. Like the first folk trumpeters from the times of Milos, contemporary ones are also mainly autodidacts having keen hearing, and are playing a huge repertoire of songs and dances by heart, and by the ear, improvising their interpretation spontaneously and from their soles and hearts.

With the first orchestras, their members evolved as musicians and their number was invreasing. At the beginning the orchestras had five musicians, and the contemporary orchestras usually have up to ten musicians (three to four ''B'' trumpets, three bass flugelhorns, one bass trumpet – helicon or euphonium, and, finally, snare drum and large drum with cymbals. Three regions clearly identified themselves by the style of their music, and are today three famous centers with the best trumpeters in Serbia today. Although the trumpet is not as deeply rooted in our people like the vocal music tradition, the fact is that those active in the field of culture have four decades ago broke the ground for trumpet music in tiny Guca. Since then, like awakening from a dream, trumpet music grew very quickly in those areas of western, eastern and southern Serbia in which the trumpet seed probably had already been thrown and did exist, and it also woke up during so many decades in the center of Sumadija, where its seed was for the first time thrown in the far away year 1831.


Istorija
Guča je gradsko naselje u opštini Lučani u Moravičkom okrugu. U Guči se svake godine tradicionalno održava "Dragačevski sabor trubača". Guča se prvi put pominje u turskom katastarskom popisu iz 1476. godine. Guča kao centar zajednice naselja - subopštinski centar opštine Lučani po postanku je starije urbano naselje od Lučana. Bila je opštinsko, pa sresko mesto do 1955. godine da bi se svelo na opštinsko do 1962. godine, kada je ukinuta opština Guča i formirana opština Lučani sa sedištem u Lučanima.

History of the Serbian Trumpet Tradition

Dragačevski sabor trubača
Dragačevski sabor je godišnji trubački festival koji se održava u mestu Guča, u regionu Dragačevo. Nekoliko stotina hiljada posetilaca, iz Srbije i inostranstva, svake godine poseti varoš sa nekoliko hiljada stanovnika. Rekordni broj posetilaca zabeležen je 2009. godine, na 49. saboru, koji je, prema podacima, posetilo više od 600.000 ljudi. O ovom festivalu je snimano i nekoliko dokumentarnih filmova. Zahvaljujući festivalu Guča je postala poznata u celom svetu kao mesto održavanja najvećeg festivala trubačke muzike širom planete, gde su još zatupljene i druge tradicionalne vrednosti, kao što su tradicionalne pesme, igre i nošnje regiona Dragačeva i Zapadne Srbije.

Od kako je knez Miloš Obrenović po svojoj naredbi oformio prvi vojni trubački orkestar 1831. godine truba se odomaćila kod stanovništva i postala deo njihove kulture i tradicije. Zvuk trube u ovom delu Srbije tradicionalno prati svaki veći događaj, od proslave rođenja, krštenja, venčanja, porodičnih slava, ali je i sastavni deo sahrana uz čiji zvuk se ljudi opraštaju od ovog sveta.


Muzika u Srbiji je veoma raznolika za tako malu teritoriju, gde dominiraju tri različita pravca narodne muzike, ona koja se svira u Zapadnoj srbiji gde dominiraju parni ritmovi u vidu sporih pesama za pevanje i brzih kola – za igru, zatim muzika južne srbije koja se bazira na specifičnim neparnim ritmovima u pesmama i igrama, i sa naglašenim emotivnim tonovima i načinom na koji muzičari proizvode isti. Takođe, tu je i specifičan muzički odraz Istočne Srbije, sa svojim karakteristikama i posebnostima.

Guča – PRVI FESTIVAL
Prvi Dragačevski sabor trubača održan je 16. oktobra 1961. godine u porti crkve Svetog Aranđela Gavrila, u centru Guče, na kome su učestovali samo orkestri iz Dragačeva, a pobednik prvog sabora bio je Desimir Perišić. Na prvom saboru ustanovljena je i himna festivala, tradicionalna pesma „Sa Ovčara i Kablara“, koja i dan danas predstavlja pesmu koja u izvedbi preko 200 trubača takmičara, čini zaštitni znak sabora. Istoriju festivala obeležile su trubačke zvezde kao što su Bakija Bakić, Fejat Sejdić, Slobodan Salijević…


Danas su najpoznatiji trubači Dejan Lazarević, Dejan Petrović, Boban i Marko Marković, Elvis Ajdinović, Ekrem Mamutović, Veljko Ostojić i drugi, koji sa svojim orkestrima iz godine u godinu podižu nivo i kvalitet svirke na nezamislivo visok nivo.

Grunula je truba

Grunula je truba - Branko V. Radicevic



Sve se izgleda menja. Sabor ostaje isti. Kao element. Zemlja. Vazduh. Voda. Pečenje. Lebac i slanina. Beli lukac. Kolovođa i kec. Prvi i poslednji u kolu. Sabor je čudo. I to čudo nad čudima. Trebalo je, pre trideset i pet godina, promarširati ulicama Guče. U anteriji. Sa šajkačom na glavi. U prisustvu vlasti. U pratnji trubača.

To je čudo. Taj pohod koji traje. Koji ne prestaje. Od Sabora do Sabora. Od grada do grada. U kasno leto. Pred jesen. Dumbara bubanj. Igra kolo. Ali, molim vas, zamislite: kako je to bilo pre trideset i pet godina. U prikradici. U prekorici. Kao inačica. Tek će narasti inat. Tek će se zainatiti pravi inat. U sveopštoj sumnji.


Prikradalo se. I pripremalo veliko kolo. U prikradici. Naizgled naivno i nevešto. Trebalo je imati hrabrosti. I odoleti pokudicama. Šta će vam to tu? I zašto će vam baš tu? I šta će tu Dragačevo? I zar se to sme u Dragačevu? I šta će drugi reći? I kako će se drugi ponašati? I ko će za to odgovarati? I šta ako se to u nešto neprilično izrodi? Opasno je! Nije vreme! Zašto baš trube? I šta će tu trube? Pa to podseća na ratove! I kakvi su to bili ratovi! Ima ratova i ratova. Osvajačkih, napadačkih, tlačiteljskih, nepravedenih, opakih i zlovremenih.

Šta će tu trube ? Na šta nas podsećaju? Na nekakva knjaževstva i kraljevstva?

Nije Srbin izmislio trubu. Šta će truba u kolu? Ima ona preča posla. Zna se njeno mesto. Ispraća u ratove. I maršira s vojskama. Jedan, dva. Pod komandom. Jedan, dva. Ne može u šest koraka.

I grunula je. U Dragačevu. Kao izazov. I prkos. Prisetila. Podsetila. Promladila. Dahnula vedrinom. I nadom. Jer narod igra. Ima nade. Jer narod igra. Dobro je kad narod igra. Zasvadbariće jesen. Rađaće se deca. Oživeće njive i livade. Biće leba i slanine. Zaratariće zemlja. Neće zaratovati. Ona će zaratariti. Jer bog Perun, vrhovni srpski bog, nije bog ratova, već berićeta, bog plodnosti. On opominje gromovima i munjama. On upravlja zemljom i nebesima. I šalje kišu na žednu zemlju. Oplođuje. Preporađa. Omlađuje. Stvara. Daruje.

Trebalo je lukavo, polako, strpljivo, uz neophodne dodvorice i nepotrebne pristanke, očuvati saborovinu, koja je postala dadž, napajala ljude verom i nadom da još ima zdravlja i da nije sve prošlo i da će se živeti i ploditi.

Zaigralo je veliko saborsko kolo. I porodio se veliki, opštenarodni inat. Truba se pretvorila u čudo. Oslušnite je. Drma. Čućete što nikad niste čuli. Čućete ako ste posustali. Čućete ako ste posumljali. Ima spasa. Ima nade. Čućete ako ste se odrodili. Čućete ako se još niste porodili. Čućete ako ste se zaplodili.

Moj glas je slab. Nemam snage da nadvičem trubu. Sve što sam govorim, kazaće vam truba. Ona neprestano samo o tome trubi. Treba je čuti, slušati i razumeti. Ona umesto nas progovara. Jednog dana, ko zna kada, došla je među nas iz dalekog belog sveta. I progovorila je našim glasom. Baš kao da je svirala. Kao da se usvirala. I uguslila. Videli smo je na slikama posvećenim Božijim prostorima. Anđeli navešćuju dolazak. Strašnog suda. Ona se potpuno pripitomila u Dragačevu. Ne poziva na juriš. Neće u rat. Ne navešćuje propast sveta. Dolazak Strašnog suda. Započinje kolo. Svetkuje. I razastire radost. I zato je dobrodošla. Kao preporoditeljka. Na radost. I veselje.

Branko V. Radičević, pesnik, jedan od osnivača Sabora
Slovo domaćina na otvaranju 30. Sabora 1990.

Guca Festivals Posters

Guca Festival Trumpet letter




Guča Festival poster


Guča Trumpet Museum


 
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