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Archaeological town Vinča Belgrade, Serbia

Archaeological town Vinča Belgrade, Serbia

Less than 15 km east of the center of Belgrade, on the right bank of the Danube, is an archeological site Belo Brdo in Vinča, where one of the largest prehistoric settlements in Europe was discovered. Professor M. M. Vasić, the first professional archaeologist in Serbia, began excavations in 1908 which, with interruptions, lasted until 1934. Research was restored in 1978 by testing findings from the Bronze Age and Middle Ages, while the focus shifts back to the Neolithic layers in 1982.




The first settlement in Vinča was founded in the Middle Neolithic period, while in the Early Neolithic it reached its peak. Cultural layers, 8 m thick, still rising above the Danube, have provided a wealth of archaeological finds (remains of houses, pottery, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines, stone tools and weapons).This is why Vinča is the eponymous site of the Early Neolithic culture in the Balkan-Carpathian region. traces of later prehistoric and historic periods are noticed above them, as well as the remains of the big Slavic necropolis from the period between the 8th to the 17th century.


The archaeological site Vinča has been a part of the Belgrade City Museum since 1978. The exhibition at the site, guided by a curator, illustrates the eight millennium long existence of Vinča.

Vinča, an archaeological site which reveals the oldest organized settlements in Europe from Neolithic times after which the culture of the central Balkans and the Pannonian plain is called the "Vinča" culture. Smederevo, a medieval town of the last great Serbian ruler Djuradj Brankovic of the early 15 century with a well - preserved fortress on the Danube's bank.

The Vinča culture was pretty advanced for it’s time, even had an alphabet of their own, which is considered one of the oldest in the world. Recent discoveries showed that their main settlement was composed of well aligned houses forming streets between them.

Most figurines and artifacts from Vinča are displayed across museums and galleries in Belgrade, as part of permanent or temporary exhibitions.



Arheološko nalazište Vinča Beograd, Srbija

Arheološko nalazište Vinča smešteno je 15 km jugoistočno od Beograda, na desnoj obali Dunava. Nalazi se u neposrednoj blizini gradskog naselja Vinča.


Značaj lokaliteta Vinča je u činjenici da su ovde pronađeni dobro očuvanu ostaci neolitskog naselja, jednog od prvih urbanih naselja u Evropi, koje datira iz perioda od 5.000 godina pre nove ere. Vrhunac vinčanske kulture bio je oko 3.800 godina pre nove ere, a nakon tog vremena razvile su se druge zajednice koje su potisnule ovu kulturu sa daleko boljim i modernijim ekonomskin i socijalnim odnosima, koje su zasnivali na uzgajanju životinja i proizvodnji od bakra i zlata.


Prvi ostaci naselja su nađeni sasvim slučajno početkom 20. veka, ali su arheološka iskopavanja usled nerešenih novčanih i vlasničkih pitanja sa lokalnim stanovništvom obustavljena. Do danas je istraženo svega četiri posto ukupne površine naselja. Ipak, iskopavanja su otkrila vredne podatke o vinčanskoj kulturi jer su arheolozi pronašli različite predmete od keramike i bronze, poput figura i posuđa koje nam dosta govore o njihovom načinu života. Takođe, arheolozi su pronašli velike nekropolise koji upravo potvrđuju činjenicu da je ovde rođena jedna od najstarijih civilizacija u Evropi.

Brojni artefakti su deo stalne izložba koja se nalazi na arheološkom nalazištu u Vinči. Muzej je otvoren svakog dana osim ponedeljka, a vikendom posetioci mogu da prisustvuju turama po lokalitetu koje vode kustosi i arheolozi zaposleni u muzeju.
 
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